10 Best Prewriting Strategies and How to Use Them

Planning your writing is important. It helps you make a good base for your writing. Because of this, your writing becomes clear, connected and works well. It means that when you finish writing, your readers will understand it well.

This article tells you about ten good ways to plan your writing. These ways use different techniques to help make your creativity better, make planning easier, and help you build your writing.

By using these ways, writers can deal with writing plans better, do more work, and make their ideas better before they write them down.

These planning ways have different aims. They help to come up with new ideas, make the goals clear, and make the main points or arguments clear. These ways also help writers deal with not being able to write, make a good order of ideas, and change their writing to meet different writing jobs and aims.

1. Brainstorming

Brainstorming creates new ideas and solutions. It wants to look at what could happen and make new ideas by thinking without stopping to judge the ideas.

This way, everyone can share ideas without limits. This helps where many different points of view can do well.

There are different ways to brainstorm well. You can connect ideas as they come, which helps with new thinking and solutions not thought of before.

Writing down all ideas makes sure you do not forget anything and that you look at all the options.

This practice helps writers in many ways. It helps them think of ideas for writing, put thoughts in order, and make interesting stories or arguments.

By looking at different ways and possibilities, writers can get past blocks in being creative, make their message better, and make their work more connected and deep. Brainstorming helps writers to plan well and write good texts faster.

2. Freewriting

To free write, you pick a subject and write without stopping for a few minutes. You write without caring for grammar. Later, you look for good parts in your text.

Freewriting makes you bold in writing and helps you find your own style. You can use these ten best tools to improve your writing skills. It changes your rough ideas into clear words. It also makes your writing better and stops you from getting stuck.

After freewriting, look for what repeats or is interesting. These things might be good for your writing. Often, the best writing comes from first thoughts.

3. Mind Mapping (Clustering)

Mind mapping is drawing your ideas on paper to see how they connect. Write your main idea in the middle. Draw lines to other ideas. This helps you not forget important things.

To make a good mind map, start with a main idea. Add lines for big themes and small details. Use colors and pictures to see links better. This can give you new ideas.

4. Questioning

Asking questions can change how you start to write. When you ask a lot of questions about your subject, you can find new information and different views. Asking “Who, What, When, Where, Why and How” questions organize your search for information.

For example, if you ask, “Who is touched by this topic?” or “Why is this issue important?” you look at your subject in many ways. These questions help you learn the main things about your topic and make your writing strong.

Ask hard questions to look at your topic in new ways. This way of asking questions helps you understand your subject better. Good writing comes from this deep understanding. Do not be afraid of asking hard questions because they can bring out exciting finds.

5. Outlining

Outlining helps you organize your thoughts. First, write down your main ideas. Then, put them in order that makes sense. There are two popular ways to do outlining. They are alphanumeric and decimal.

The alphanumeric method mixes numbers and letters like I, A, and 1. The decimal method only uses numbers like 1.0, 1.1, 1.2. Pick a method and divide your big parts into smaller points. Outlining is not only for structure.

It also shows you where you have missing parts. It helps your writing flow well. Good organization can make hard ideas easy to understand.

Outlining makes you think in order. It stops you from going off-topic. Each part of what you write does its job. A good outline makes even hard ideas simple.

6. Journaling

Writing a journal is important for writers. It is where you can write your thoughts and ideas. Write in your journal often. This makes you a better thinker and writer. Use special writing ideas to start if you do not know what to write.

Questions like “Tell me about a bright dream you have had” or “Talk about a hard thing you beat” make you think of surprising stories.

Looking back on what you have written before helps you see how much better you get at writing and can give you ideas for your work.

Writing in a journal may look easy, but it can bring big good things later.

Writers often get ideas by chance – when they are walking, getting ready for bed, or talking with someone. A diary keeps these quick thoughts so you can find them again. After a while, you will have lots of ideas you can make into something more.

7. Make Lists

Making lists is a strong way to come up with new ideas by writing down many thoughts about your topic quickly. To make a good list, use a clock and write down all your thoughts about your topic. Do not worry about the order.

The aim is to write down as many thoughts as you can and the way they come into your head. When done, look over your list for the best ideas. These can help start your writing.

When using lists to make a topic, start with big groups and then make them into smaller, more detailed topics.

This method lets you look at your topic from different sides and makes sure you talk about everything. For example, if you write about the weather getting hotter, your main list can have smaller topics like “reasons,” “what happens, “ways to fix it,” and “rules around the world.”

Put your list items in order by how important or related they are. This step makes your writing make sense and makes sure the best parts are most important. Think about putting together ideas that go well with each other to make your writing better and leave out any that do not really help.

8. Cube

Cubing makes you look at your topic in six different ways. This makes sure you learn about your topic completely. First, describe your subject in depth, telling its key features.

Then, look at similar ideas to see what is the same and what is different. Link your idea to other thoughts to find new links that make your knowledge richer.

Study your subject by splitting it into its basic parts. Use it in real examples to make it important, which makes your writing connect better. Finally, take a stand on your subject to see different angles and make your analysis better.

Use cubing in your writing to make your content rich and complex. For example, write about clean energy. Tell about the types, compare them to traditional energy, link them with world changes, study science, use it in daily life, and talk about the good and bad points.

9. Looping

Looping is a writing method to grow and improve your ideas. Its main goal is to find new views by going back to the beginning and adding to your ideas. When you do this again and again, you understand better and make your content better.

When you loop, you write about a topic or thought non-stop. You do not edit or hold back your ideas while writing. This way helps you be more creative and find details and links you did not see before.

Looping helps writers by making them look at ideas more deeply. When you go back and add to your first thoughts more than one time, you find more meanings, create deeper arguments, and make your writing more complex and rich.

Examples of looping are when groups think of ideas and keep adding to them, when someone writes a journal to think deeply about their own thoughts, and when scholars study something by improving their ideas and findings again and once again.

10. Researching

Research fills your writing with facts, discoveries, and points of view. Good research is when you know what you want to do, use many ways to get information, and put the data together well before writing.

Try to dig deep and cover a wide area, check your sources well, and keep your mind on what you are writing about. Doing this makes your work better because it is trustworthy and interesting.

After you find your information, you need to sort it out to write more easily. You can put information into groups with folders or computer programs like Evernote or OneNote. Make a list of your sources with the main points for each one. Good research makes it easier to look up information and makes sure you give credit right. Being organized like this saves time and helps you make a strong case.

When you are getting ready to write, add what you found out to your plan. Put important numbers, sayings, and facts where they help your point the most.

Use notes with details to write paragraphs that make sense together. This step helps you write in a strong and trustable way. It also helps persuade your readers.


To make your writing better, try these ten ways of getting ready to write: Brainstorming, Freewriting, Clustering, Questioning, Outlining, Journaling, Listing, Cubing, Looping, and Researching. Each way helps in its own way, from coming up with ideas to putting your thoughts in order.

If you get good at these ways, you will be ready to handle any writing job. In case you are using AI tools to generate content, make sure that you check and humanize it.

Using many ways of getting ready to write can make your writing a lot better. Every way helps you think about your topic in a new way, which makes your writing and how it is put together better.

For example, brainstorming can help you come up with ideas, outlining can help you sort them, and research can make them deeper. Using these ways together can make your finished work more detailed and well done.